Medicare & Medicaid Populations
Medicare and Medicaid – signed into law July 30, 1965 – are public health insurance programs for some of the country’s most vulnerable populations: the elderly, the disabled and the poor. Together, these programs provide health coverage to more than 100 million Americans with significant and complex health and social needs:
- 65% of Medicare beneficiaries have three or more chronic conditions, 31% have a cognitive or mental impairment and 27% rate their health as fair or poor.
- 15% of Medicaid enrollees are disabled.
The 2010 passage of the Affordable Care Act initiated reforms and expansions to both programs, designed to improve the quality, coordination and affordability of the care provided to the people they serve. As the programs evolve and implement new models of care, they will be important case studies to help identify successful ways to improve care, reduce costs and achieve better outcomes for all Americans.